Recent articles
Hydraulic pressing optimization and physicochemical characterization of Jatropha curcas seed oil

Jatropha curcas seed oil can be used for numerous purposes including fuel, soap and cosmetics. Better quality oil is obtained by cold pressing, the effectiveness of which is unfortunately limited by a low extraction rate. The objective of this study was to optimize cold hydraulic extraction parameters of Jatropha curcas seed oil by increasing the oil recovery and characterising the extracted oil. The key extraction parameters (dwell time, pressure, compression speed, and press cage charge) were determined using a laboratory hydraulic press. The results show that the unhulled and dehulled seeds contained 5.1 and 2.9% moisture, as well as 33.6 and 51.7% fat, respectively. Under the optimal operating conditions and at ambient temperature (25 °C), the oil recovery from whole (crushed) material was 38.2 (42.5)% unhulled seeds and 71.3 (69.5)% dehulled seeds. The physicochemical characteristics of cold-extracted Jatropha oil were 10ppm phosphorus, 1.9 ppm iron, 0.0 ppm copper, 0.15% water-volatile matter, 0.918 (15 °C) density, and 37.72 cSt (37.8 °C) kinematic viscosity, respectively. In conclusion, the optimized cold hydraulic extraction of jatropha seed oil leads to high oil recovery and good oil quality suitable for industrial applications.

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Study of Energy Storage Phenomena in a Flat Wall Containing a Kapok-Plaster Material in Frequential Dynamic Regime-Influence of Depth

We propose, in this article, the study of the phenomena of energy storage in a wall in frequency dynamic mode. The optimal heat exchange coefficient and the maximum pulsation were determined from the temperature and flux density curves, respectively. An electric-thermal analogy made it possible to determine the phenomena of energy storage from Bode diagrams of thermal capacity and thermal inductance.

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Developing Double Walls System to Improve Building Energy Performances in Dry Tropical Climates

This paper deals with building envelope thermal performance through a comparative study of the use of two types of construction materials, such as CEB and cement blocks, in order to introduce the use of double walls in sustainable buildings’ construction. The building envelope participates in providing thermal comfort to users and in the optimal management of building energy consumption. This study begins with a survey of public preferences for building materials used in Burkina Faso. The results indicate that 76% of the people surveyed opt for cement blocks over local materials. Concerning the thermal and specific energy performance, three variants of building envelope were studied: CEB walls, cement blocks and the double-wall (CEB + Cement blocks). It appears that the CEB walls are more efficient than the cement block walls. The introduction of double envelopes leads to the thermal resistance of 357.37m².K/W and reduces the heat flow from 85.32% to 90.24% compared to the wall made with CEB and cement blocks. This approach, which consists in mixing construction materials for good thermal insulation, allows improving the envelope thermal performance and the overall building energy performance.

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Automatic MRI Brain Tumor Segmentation Techniques: A Survey

Image segmentation plays a crucial role in recognizing image signification for checking and mining medical image records. Brain tumor segmentation is a complicated assignment in medical image analysis. It is challenging to identify precisely and extract that a portion of the image has abnormal tissues for further diagnosis and analysis. The method of segmenting a tumor from a brain MRI image is a highly concentrated medical science community field, as MRI is non-invasive. In this survey, brain MRI images’ latest brain tumor segmentation techniques are addressed a thoroughgoing literature review. Besides, surveys the several approved techniques regularly applied for brain tumor MRI segmentation. Also, highlighting variances among them and reviews their abilities, pros, and weaknesses. Various approaches to image segmentation are described and explicated with the modern participation of several investigators.

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